Paul Goesch


Boren 1885 in Schwerin – GERMANY. Died 1940.

Painter and architect, Paul Goesch was a student at the academy in Munich, Karlsruhe and Berlin. With his brother, he became friends with Otto Gross, who introduced him to Freudian psychoanalysis. An attempt at auto-analysis seems to have been the cause of a profound psychological upheaval that would cause his committal to a hospital in Hedemünden and Rasemühle in 1909. Despite these troubles, he managed to finish his studies in architecture. He was passionate about theosophy and anthroposophy of Rudolf Steiner. But in 1917 he was hospitalized for schizophrenia. It was then that he began creating, the result being nearly one thousand drawings, partly preserved in the Prinzhorn collection. In the autumn of 1919, he left the hospital and joined his father in Berlin, where he enjoyed the artistic life of the capital, seeing Kokoschka, Gropius, participating in the current avant-garde. However, beset by hallucinations and delusion, he was again hospitalized at the clinic of Göttingen. In 1934 he was transferred to the psychiatric hospital in Teupitz. He was forbidden to paint and forced to work until exhaustion. In 1940 he became one the many victims of the euthanasia program orchestrated by the Nazis.

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